Exploring the Causes and Effects of Azoospermia for Males

#Arun Kumar | 3 September 2022

Azoospermia is a medical condition in which there is no sperm left in the ejaculate. It can be caused by a number of factors including blockage in the reproductive tract, decreased sperm production by the testis, hormonal issues, or issues in testicular structure. Most of these issues can be cured and fertility can be restored. In incurable cases, assisted reproductive techniques in the way to go.

Azoospermia is fairly less common. It affects about 1% of overall men. 10% of men suffering from infertility have azoospermia.


Types of Azoospermia

Azoospermia can be Obstructive and Non-obstructive.

Obstructive Azoospermia: When there is a blockage in the reproductive tract and the produced sperms are blocked from entering the ejaculate it is identified as obstructive azoospermia. It occurs mostly in the vas deferens, the epididymis, or the ejaculatory ducts. It can be caused due to trauma or injury, cyst development, infections, or due to previous surgeries in the pelvic area.

Non-obstructive Azoospermia: When there is very less or no sperm production from the testis it is referred to as non-obstructive azoospermia. This condition can be caused due to the structure/function of the testicles, hormonal imbalances, or genetic causes.


Treatment options

Azoospermia treatment depends on the cause. Some of the causes and remedies are as follows.

If it is obstructive azoospermia, surgery can be a viable option to unblock the passage or to reconstruct abnormally developed tubes.

If it is obstructive azoospermia, surgery can be a viable option to unblock the passage or to reconstruct abnormally developed tubes.

If varicocele is the cause of less sperm count, a surgical procedure can solve your problem.

In most cases, azoospermia can be reversed. In A4 Fertility Centre, our healthcare team will work with you to determine the cause and present you with the best treatment options. Your first treatment may have failed you. That is why, we provide you with a FREE second opinion. Don’t miss out.



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