Roles in Infertility for Both Egg or Sperm

#Aruna Ashok | 25 June 2022

History has put females as the sole reason for infertility. Males have always escaped the shared problem of human reproduction. So, let’s first discuss the issues behind infertility from both points of view and discuss the reasons for infertility between straight couples.


Male Infertility

Male infertility can occur due to the low sperm count, abnormal sperm function, or blockage that impedes the delivery of sperm. When the sperm count of a male is lower than the optimum sperm count level (15 sperm/mL) or when the number of sperm ejaculated is less than 39 million sperm per ejaculate, then the person is supposed to have been affected by male infertility.

There are additional factors for male infertility. They are injuries, chronic health issues, and several other lifestyle choices. The main symptom of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child. There are no other specific symptoms or signs.

Other problems that lead to male infertility are difficulties with ejaculation, the small volume of the ejaculated fluids, reduced sexual drive, erectile dysfunction, pain, swelling or lump in the testicular area, varicocele or swelling of veins that drain the testicles, antibodies that attack the sperm, tumours, sexual intercourse problems, chromosome defects, hormonal imbalances, and celiac disease.

Various environmental factors affect male fertility like Industrial Chemicals, Heavy metal exposure, radiation or X-rays, and over-heating of testicles. Other lifestyle-based causes are smoking, alcohol, overweight, and over-heating.

High cholesterol and blood pressure


Female Infertility

Female infertility is the inability to get pregnant. Females who get their periods too long (35 days or more) or too short (21 days or less) are likely to be infertile.

Some of the causes for female infertility are irregular or painful periods, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, cancer treatment, smoking, and much more.

The most common factor for female infertility is ovulation disorders, such as PCOS, hypothalamic dysfunction. PCOS induces hormonal imbalances which affect the ovulation process. Hypothalamic dysfunction happens due to physical or mental stress, extreme bodyweight. These hormonal imbalances cause irregular periods in women.

Verdict : Males and females contribute equally to the infertility problem and it is a problem that affects the psyche of the both.

Modern microscopic genetic research techniques have given rise to numerous solutions for fertility problems, be it towards males or females. A4 hospitals offer state-of-the-art mechanisms to cure the infertility problem happening in society. They have techniques ranging from MicroTESE to superovulation with injectables, and avail ways for donor sperm and eggs.

A4 hospitals fill the void in the lives of couples who suffer from infertility problems.


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