The Role of Hormones in Pregnancy: What You Need To Know

aruna-ashokAruna Ashok | 08 Oct 2022
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Hormones play a vital role in both male and female that leads to a healthy reproductive life. Hormones are responsible for the sexual development and health in general. Some of the important instances of hormones are puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.

Here are few hormones in human female that is the mastermind behind the reproductive health.

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH): This hormone is secreted in the hypothalamus in the brain which stimulates the release of two of the most important hormones for sexual maturity – Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) : This hormone is responsible for the maturation of ovarian follicle (the egg for example). The hormone also orchestrates the menstrual cycle. The level of the hormone varies along the cycle. It is secreted by pituitary gland.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) : Also secreted pituitary gland, LH is another important hormone for the wellness of female reproductive health. It stimulates the release of the egg during ovulation and does its part in menstrual cycle as well. It also stimulates the release of progesterone which is important during pregnancy.

When these hormones fail to coordinate and cooperate there’s a sexual lack and infertility occurs. World Health Organization addresses this as Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism/WHO type 1 anovulation.

What does malfunction of these hormones do?

Sexual maturity will be affected


Menstrual cycle issues

Overall, Health impacts

Do you need a Doctor Consultation?


Damage to the glands that secrete the hormones

Nutrition deficiencies

Genetic defects


Drug abuse

Prolonged illness

Prolonged intake of opioid or steroid medicines


GnRH injections

HCG injections

Hormone patches or pills

A4 Fertility Centre has experienced doctors who take good care of their patients. Book an appointment and consult here if you experience symptoms like

For Children

Lack of sexual development

No onset of menstruation

For Adults


Loss of interest in sexual intercourse

Mood changes

Weight loss/gain